as well as to their ancestors.These secondary gods serve as intermediaries betweenhumans and the creator god. Nature as a gift from God to be used in harmony with the web of life . The Lord is enthroned as king forever (Psalm 29:10). Christianity is also the most common religion in Swaziland. He in African tradiional religion in Ghana’, HTS Teologiese further argues that the term ‘African traditional medicine’ is not synonymous with ‘alternative Studies/Theological Studies and complimentary medicine’. z��Q;�8 �)0vӉFeQA�I�4�j��P�o}� ��;T�)+I�U'o�����OO=R��Y�[��ا��� D�˺+B�R��$I?i�Ո4d���5@�0��;�a4o&�,� �:�e�1~5Y�k.��1^��H� 85�`�N�4��6��GR�K�'�;f�}ɮ0)�)^oP�f�7S���6�2�֜������ To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access. The traditional belief systems, spirituality and faith of West African peoples has been described in more or less disparaging terms over the course of history, broad terms that fail to reflect the complexity and depth of these beliefs: “paganism”, “animism”, “ancestor-worship”, “idolatry”, “fetishism”, “heathenism”, etc. The difference between the Western and African idea of God may be understood as a difference of names due to languages. Okot p’Bitek, his colleague at Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda in the 1960s, railed against the making of African spiritual beings into a God with Christian attributes. 0000002216 00000 n About 20% of the population are Roman Catholics. The African indigenous peoples accommodated the immigration of Westerners of different religious backgrounds who came to change their lives (Alie, 1990: 101-111). The meaning of God in an African Traditional Religion and the meaninglessness of well-meaning mission, 0000006945 00000 n The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian- Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan area of the Central Region. This knowledge of God through belief; became the cardinal point of the religion of Africans. Unlike the colonial encounter with AIR, Traditional African religions are rooted in having reverence for ancestors and natural phenomena. Belief in a supreme being is universal among most of the over sixty peoples of Africa. African Traditional Religion, African Indigenous Religion and African Traditional Religions are all common terms used to discuss the faiths found within of Africa. The continent of Africa has been home to hundreds of indigenous tribes speaking a wide variety of languages and believing a wide variety of different spiritual ideas. The term ‘ethics’ is technically used by philosophers tomean a philosophical study of morality—morality understood as aset of social rules, principles, norms that guide or are intended toguide the conduct of people in a society, and as beliefs about rightand wrong conduct as well as good or bad character. Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity, where one’s family came from in Africa. 0000040535 00000 n 2?��ͼyd�����ˎ9��_�7�׳���&k�`g��v�w-����,y�@S��+����aNJ( ����sEY�u��}g]/"NrSe�e�^�P/ac�ug�%�*sp�N��` �i� Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity, where one's family came from in Africa. <]>> That task is left to a group of lesser spirits. Indigenous African religions are not based on conversion like Islam and Christianity. Heinemann [1969] (1990). In his analysis prayer is found to be very important in demonstrating African spirituality and the way of worship. For example, in one of the Yoruba creation myth, Olodumare, the supreme god, is said to have created Obat… Some of the content of these ceremonies and rituals are secret, which combined with an oral rather than written tradition made them especially vulnerable to change over … Search Google Scholar for this author. African Creator Gods seem to follow a distinctive pattern — they are all extremely dissatisfied with their creations. %%EOF Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies, Ben Knighton is Registrar and Research Tutor at the Oxford Centre for Mission Studies. It gives people the freedom to worship, practice, observe, or teach any religion, as well as the freedom to debate and discuss in regard to religious questions and matters. African Religions and Philosophy. View or download all the content the society has access to. Are you a religious person? 0000004241 00000 n Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. African religions - African religions - Mythology: In African oral cultures, myths embody philosophical reflections, express values, and identify moral standards. African beliefs in reincarnation differ from those of major Asian religions (especially Hinduism) in a number of important ways. To understand African tradition, one needs to understand the position of African Traditional Religion on God, the human person, and creation. where one’s family came from. In contrast to the major monotheistic (believing in one god) religions, African indigenous religions tend to believe that God, after creating the world, withdrew and is not involved in the day-to-day affairs of humans. Followers of traditional African religions prayto various secondary deities (Ogoun, Da, Agwu, Esu, Mbari, etc.) 0000009480 00000 n African religion centres on belief and practices. For us, God defends us and our faith, not the other way around. For us, God defends us and our faith, not the other way around. Especially if we are fighting for national identity, or sovereignty, or trying to safeguard ethnic identity within nation states. To us it was foolish. African religions are as diverse as the continent is varied. Now, with a senior faculty grant and a Wilson Faculty Research Fellowship, he will embark on a huge undertaking: writing the first continent-wide history of African religion, with a focus on indigenous religions. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Religions of Africa (1985) that one of the most fascinating aspects of our history is the richness and varieties of its religious traditions. Over 40% of the population is affiliated to the Protestant and indigenous African churches. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. While ATRs are varied in their attitudes towards any subject, generally speaking we did not find points of contention with others over religion.