There’s no such thing as too busy.”. Four years after the Challenger disaster, Nasa found itself once again at the centre of a political storm and “negligence” was one of the milder words being bandied around by journalists, commentators and politicians. “Hubble bridges a gap between cosmology, theology, philosophy and astronomy.”, “It tends to shed a light on who we are. By June 1990, when Nasa realised the seriousness of the situation, it described the mirror defect as a “spherical aberration”. Nasa either needed to write it off or fix it. The Hubble telescope was launched in April 1990. During this maiden voyage of Space Shuttle Challenger, the crew performed the first Shuttle deployment of an IUS/TDRS satellite, and Musgrave and Don Peterson conducted the first Space Shuttle extra-vehicular activity(EVA) to test the new space suits and construction and repair devices and procedures. Musgrave performed the first space shuttle space walk in 1983 on Challenger’s maiden flight. If the problems with Hubble represented the worst of Nasa, then STS-61 showed the agency at its best. Story Musgrave recalls his experiences as part of the team to repair the Hubble Space Telescope's mirror. Ten years later, he was the lead space walker during the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. One of the most famous and most versatile NASA astronauts. A picture of the telescope can even be glimpsed on the wall – alongside disasters including the Hindenburg and Titanic – in a blues club scene in the 1991 hit movie Naked Gun 2½. Story Musgrave Profile Musgrave is NASA's longest-serving astronaut and the specialist who repaired the Hubble Telescope. If Hubble were a new car you would take it straight back to the dealer and demand a refund. By the beginning of 1992, while engineers developed a new instrument to counter the “aberration”, Musgrave’s team had started to plan the rescue mission. One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. “I design them to be done by anybody without physical force, so you have margin if you run into a surprise.”. But this was American taxpayers’ money and the faulty machine was in space. His four previous space missions as a flight engineer were totally different, carrying primary responsibility for Shuttle systems. Click here to buy. “Hopefully you’ve had enough imagination on the ground to see how it’s going to be and then it flows very nicely,” he says. The mission launched on December 2, 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Story has flown more than 170 different types of aircraft, he is the only astronaut to fly all five space shuttle aircraft, he fixed the Hubble telescope, and he has flown more than 25 million miles in orbit around our planet. This meant the $1.6bn (£1.06bn) observatory was unable to properly focus. Story Musgrave, who had worked on Hubble's development since the early 1970s, served as lead spacewalker. And, for Musgrave, the space telescope has become much more than a science mission. A gallery of some of Hubble's greatest hits: the … Watch how Hubble allows us to see further into the past than ever before in this clip from Horizon. Share this story on Facebook, Google+ or Twitter. A veteran of the US Marine Corps with academic degrees in six subjects, from maths to medicine, F. Story Musgrave became NASA’s preeminent authority on spacewalks. The whole world was waiting for the results,” says Story Musgrave of the STS-61 mission. He was the backup science-pilot for the first Skylab mission, and was a CAPCOM for the second and third Skylab missions. However, the Nasa space telescope that has transformed our view of the Universe was launched with a major defect. I ask Musgrave if the EVAs were hard. “The American public had never seen a mission like this. “You’ve got to reward the people that do all the work.”, The repair mission had a record-breaking five spacewalks. This was the first space walk from a Space Shuttle. Before becoming an astronaut, he worked as an electrician, a mathematician, a computer programmer, a … One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. “You look to the heavens for what the meaning of life is down here,” says Musgrave. “Most of Hubble’s failures should never have happened,” Musgrave says. The next day, Hoffman and payload commander Story Musgrave embarked on the mission’s first spacewalk, during which Hoffman, anchored to the robotic arm, replaced two gyroscopes on the telescope. Astronaut F. Story Musgrave, one of two STS-6 mission specialists, participates in a safety tether dynamics checkout procedure during the mission’s April 7 extravehicular activity (EVA). Astronaut F. Story Musgrave moves about in Space Shuttle Endeavour's cargo bay during the deployment of the solar array panels on the Hubble Space Telescope during the final of five STS-61 spacewalks. From his childhood on a dairy farm in western Massachusetts, to payload commander on the Hubble Space Telescope rescue mission, share Story s incredible physical and spiritual journey as he relates to the world, and the universe, around him. An astronaut, doctor and scientist (he has seven graduate degrees, including maths and medicine), Musgrave understood every system, instrument and component; every panel, nut and bolt. The next day, Musgrave and fellow astronaut Jeff Hoffman donned their spacesuits to begin one of the longest EVAs in space history. This article originally appeared in Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery, a new special edition magazine available now. Its release from the spacecraft didn’t go … “There were 13 systems broken, so that dictates the mission and what we could’ve done,” Musgrave explains. “I was looking at the whole continent of Australia. With a fully functioning Hubble Space Telescope released back into its orbit, politicians who had been so critical of Nasa became the first to congratulate the returning astronauts. STS-61 was the first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission, and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle Endeavour.The mission launched on 2 December 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Richard Hollingham talks to the man who had to don his spacesuit and make it work. The mission restored the spaceborne observatory's vision (marred by spherical aberration in its mirror) with the installation of a new main camera and a corrective optics package. Astronaut Story Musgrave works on the Hubble Space Telescope. December 8, 1993 Hubble Telescope Repair Mission, Day 5 Space Shuttle Endeavour’s astronauts Story Musgrave and Jeffrey Hoffman conducted repairs and upgrades to the Hubble Space Telescope. “People assume you’ve got the right answers and they don’t dare challenge the answers, so that’s why I refused the title of EV1. Ben Evans is a science and space writer. Space Shuttle Endeavour was launched on 2 December 1993. Dr. Story Musgrave - Space Shuttle Endeavour, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission The most dramatic of Dr. Story Musgrave’s space missions was his fifth flight on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. “The most important deployment in history; a huge mission. How did the Hubble Space Telescope come about? Our special issue Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery is out now. Astronaut Story Musgrave, who led the first Hubble repair mission in 1993, told CNN's John Holliman in a live Monday morning interview from Houston that the Discovery crew was doing "an A … NASA EXPERIENCE:Dr. Musgrave was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967. “It had so many darned problems as soon as it got into space.”, The repairs were carried out in orbit some 600 kilometres (370 miles) above Earth (Credit: Nasa). Hubble celebrates its 25th anniversary this month. What he did not know, was the space telescope that promised so much had some serious quality control issues. The 1993 servicing mission was the first, of five missions, to upgrade the Hubble Telescope. As astronauts Richard Covey, Kenneth Bowersox, Kathryn Thornton, Story Musgrave, Claude Nicollier, Jeff Hoffman and Tom Akers captured Hubble in orbit and moved it into the shuttle bay for repair, the world watched a historic event unfold. Despite the work involved, Musgrave even had time to appreciate his unique situation. “I tried to disempower myself, because if you’re too powerful the right answers don’t come,” he says. “You’re looking at the Earth go by, you’re looking at the aurora, at the stars and you’re experiencing the doing itself. “The real heroics of the fix were done on the ground, to get the details right – when you build a good plan, you follow the plan,” says Musgrave. This was by far one of the most important and complicated mission to face NASA. Thanks to the crew and support staff of STS-61, Hubble has become one of the most significant and important space missions of all time. Backed by hundreds of engineers, technicians and controllers on the ground, during the 11-day mission, the Shuttle crew carried out five back-to-back EVAs, notching-up some 35 hours and 28 minutes outside the spacecraft. Longest spacewalk missions in Nasa history ( Credit: Nasa ) ) observatory unable. 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